Basics

Arabic is read from Right To Left.
Alphabet

Letters have Isolated and Final, Medial, Initial forms.

Hijā’ī Order

Letters are grouped by similarity of shape.

ﺎ ا Alif
ﺑﺒﺐ ﺐ Ba
ﺗﺘﺖ ﺕ Ta
ﺛﺜﺚ ﺙ Tha
ﺟﺠﺞ ﺝ Jeem
ﺣﺤﺢ ﺡ Hha (breathy ha)
ﺧﺨﺦ ﺥ Kha (phlegmy gha or kha)
ﺪ ﺩ Dal
ﺬ ﺫ Thal
ﺮ ﺭ Ra
ﺰ ﺯ Zay
ﺳﺴﺲ ﺱ Seen
ﺷﺸﺶ ﺵ Sheen
ﺻﺼﺺ ﺹ Saad (emphatic s)
ﺿﻀﺾ ﺽ Daad (emphatic db)
ﻃﻄﻂ ﻁ Toh
ﻇﻈﻆ ﻅ Thoh
ﻋﻌﻊ ﻉ Ayn
ﻏﻐﻎ ﻍ Ghayn (a sound I can't describe yet)
ﻓﻔﻒ ﻑ Fa
ﻗﻘﻖ ﻕ Qaf (koff)
ﻛﻜﻚ ﻙ Kaf
ﻟﻠﻞ ﻝ Lam
ﻣﻤﻢ ﻡ Meem
ﻧﻨﻦ ﻥ Noon
ﻫﻬﻪ ﻩ Ha (ha from chest)
ﻮ ﻭ Wow
ﻳﻴﻲ ﻱ Ya